Yes, there are 2015 Topps Pro Debut Baseball variations. However, there are only ten such short prints, which is a lot less than similar sets. That said, none of them follow a pattern so spotting them might be a little tricky unless you know what to look for.
Falling 1:160 packs, the 2015 Topps Pro Debut Baseball variations cover top players in the set. Kris Bryant, Carlos Correa and Addison Russell are among them.
The photos are all different enough that you don't have to check for shadows or slight changes in hand position. You can also check on the back in the fine print. The code for base cards ends in 102. Variation short prints end in 114.
You can check out confirmed variations below along with side-by-side comparisons with their base counterpart. We'll add the couple of missing image as it becomes available.
2015 Topps Pro Debut Baseball Variations Visual Guide
Base: no bat
Variation: with bat
Variation: bending over
Base: dark helmet
Variation: red cap
Base: crowd blurred out
Variation: looking up
Variation: no helmet
Variation: wearing earbuds
Base: ball showing
Variation: ball hidden, close-up
Base: red jersey
Variation: blue jersey
Variation: glove in front of face